Healty pet Lovers

Pineapple Leaf: Is it Poisonous to Cats?

I have actually found out 3 indisputable realities about cats. First, felines are obligate predators, indicating that meat and its proteins need to comprise the bulk of a cat's food for a cat to derive ideal nutrition from it. Second, cat behavior is unpredictable and capricious. Third, the total location of an indoor cat's home territory is small as compared to their outdoor, wild, and feral equivalents. Exactly what does this have to do with pineapple leaves?

Taken as read, these 3 facts have a large amount to do with your cat's fascination with pineapple leaves. It is safe to presume that any new aspect presented into a cat's territory will be an instant source of interest. Whether that aspect is a fresh pineapple or a major diorama of Nelson's success over Napoleon at the Battle of the Nile made up solely of Precious Moments figurines, trust that your cat's interest will be ignited.

Felines are predators! Why do they chew on pineapple leaves?

I've dived far enough down the tunnel of online cat online forums to understand that felines do chew on, consume, and regurgitate pineapple leaves. I can prepare for the objections of cat owners. If cats get all the nutrients they need from meat or meat proteins, why would they trouble eating plant matter of any kind, much less pineapple leaves, in the first place?

We might never ever understand for sure, but the response most likely falls on a spectrum between simple curiosity on one end and the enjoyable experience of chewing on the other. Family pet owners have the tendency to consider canines as the sort of animals who enjoy digging and chewing, and of cats as scratchers and kneaders, however this is an incorrect dichotomy. After all, felines chew on the thick, rubbery product that forms the external lining of electrical cords all the time.

Care to guess exactly what else has a thick, rubbery texture? Pineapple leaves! A cat may chew on an electrical cable just to please its interest, eliminate dullness, or mitigate a need to work its jaws. The typical house cat is oblivious to the danger of electrical shock, and does not care a fig about ruining your preferred lamp. In the same way, if your cat ever discovered enjoyment in the physical experience of gnawing on a pineapple leaf, possibilities are she will do it once again, heedless of any possible repercussions.

Can cats eat pineapple?

If you are anything like me, a pineapple is a tasty reward, whether it is newly diced, swimming in syrup within a can, or presented in juice type. If you're curious about whether any part of a pineapple is fit for feline intake, you've concerned the best location. Is pineapple a human food that cats can eat? We've currently specified that felines are obligate carnivores, but exactly what bearing does that have on cats and pineapple?

As obligate predators, cats not only choose meat, but the feline digestive system is just not equipped to process or derive nutrients or energy from plant matter. From the smallest mewling kitty all the way as much as the tiger, Earth's largest cat, no member of the feline family is optimized for processing plants. Felines lack the gastrointestinal enzymes to break down and extract nutrients from fruits and vegetables.

Is pineapple poisonous to cats? Not naturally, but proceed with caution if you choose that you need to offer pineapple to your cat. The pineapple fruit contains an enzyme called actinidain, which some cats might be allergic to. The evolution of the cat digestive system was pointed out above. Scientific research has revealed that the palate of cats have progressed in such a way that, unlike their human owners, they are entirely indifferent to the sensation of sweetness.

What about pineapple's native sugar material? Canned pineapple will be filled with sweet syrup. This isn't really hazardous to cats either, however can trigger vomiting or diarrhea. Felines are actually able to absorb and process a range of sugars, but not in huge amounts or at high concentrations. Must the state of mind strike you and you want to evaluate your cat's gastrointestinal abilities-- though we wouldn't by any means advise it-- let the pineapple chunk be small and fresh.

Exactly what about felines and pineapple tops or leaves?

It ends up that the crown of a pineapple-- the spiky bouquet of pointed, waxy leaves that spring from the top-- are really helpful for hardly any. The fibrous leaves are a major source of waste in pineapple farming. They can be pulped and repurposed, but primarily as food for goats and other such livestock. These leaves have no substantive dietary value to people or their felines, however as we all know, that has never avoided a cat from doing anything.

Pineapple leaves are not especially hazardous or harmful to cats, though they do consist of sap, which, like the milky white goo that emerges when you choose a ripe fig, can provoke allergic reactions when it enters into contact with skin. A pineapple's leaves and external husk also contain an enzyme called bromelain. This enzyme is not particularly harmful to cats either, but, just like the actinidain within the fruit itself, might spur swelling, bleeding, or other allergies in cats in addition to humans.

Felines and pineapples

Neither the leaves nor the fruit of the pineapple are poisonous or harmful to cats. There is a difference in between foods items that cats can consume and those that they ought to consume. Sharing a sweet treat with your cat is meaningless, considering that they are incapable of acknowledging sweetness. Providing the cat a piece of plant matter to consume is counterproductive, as they do not have the digestive enzymes making best use of it.

Allergies and indigestion have to do with the worst you can expect if you find your cat gnawing on a pineapple's crown. On the other hand, there's no good reason to lure them to explore any part of this tropical fruit. If you frequently bring fresh pineapple home, the best thing you can do as a cat owner is keep it well beyond the scope of your cat's interest.

Get to Know About Kidney Function and Dysfunction in Cats

Like all mammals, cats have 2 kidneys, one on the left, and one on the right-- shaped like kidney beans, of course. Blood flows into the kidney through the kidney artery and leaves via the kidney vein. As blood travels through the kidney, toxic substances are filtered from the bloodstream. These toxins enter into the urine, where they are excreted from the body. The kidney also produces hormones. One of these hormones, called erythropoietin, is accountable for the production of red cell from the bone marrow. Other hormones produced by the kidneys assist manage blood pressure.

Advance kidney illness

As most felines age, kidney function gradually decreases. Eventually, a point is reached where the kidneys can no longer keep their typical function, and the toxic substances in the bloodstream collect.

The main clinical signs of CKD in cats are excessive thirst (polydipsia), extreme urination (polyuria), reduced cravings (anorexia), weight loss, and occasional throwing up.

This condition used to be called persistent kidney failure, however nowadays, vets choose the term chronic kidney condition. Unless the underlying cause can be found and treated, CKD invariably advances. Most of the times, an underlying cause can not be found. Why most felines eventually establish CKD continues to be one of veterinary medication's biggest (and most aggravating) mysteries.

Since clinical check in CKD are also often seen in other health problems, several tests are needed to verify a diagnosis. These include a complete blood count, serum chemistry panel, and urinalysis. The finding of dilute urine, combined with an elevated level of kidney contaminants in the blood, suggests that kidney function is jeopardized. The two main kidney toxic substances that we keep track of are blood urea nitrogen (typically shortened BUN) and creatinine. Other problems, such as raised phosphorus, low potassium, and anemia (reduced quantity of red blood cells) may also be discovered.

Although CKD is incurable, a variety of diet and drug interventions are now available that may slow the progression of the disorder, improve the cat's lifestyle, and extend a cat's survival time. Felines who are suitable candidates may be qualified for a kidney transplant. This is a significant endeavor requiring the competence of a skilled surgical team at a university or referral center. The treatment, as you may anticipate, is extremely costly, and post-operatively, the cat will need long-lasting administration of drugs to prevent rejection of the transplanted kidney.

Acute kidney injury

Although chronic kidney condition is by far the most frequently seen feline kidney disorder, other kidney conditions are occasionally come across in felines.

Acute kidney failure (the presently preferred term is acute kidney injury, abbreviated AKI) is a disorder identified by an abrupt, dramatic reduction in kidney function. This is a serious condition that, if not recognized and resolved quickly, can lead to fast decline and possible death. Regrettably, the clinical signs of AKI-- bad hunger, vomiting, extreme sleepiness, weakness, decreased urine production-- are nonspecific and might result in delayed recognition that the cat is ill.

The most typical causes of AKI in cats are consumption of ethylene glycol (antifreeze) and ingestion of lilies. Many people are uninformed that all parts of the lily plant-- even the pollen-- are hazardous to cats if ingested. Other possible causes include unintended administration of hazardous drugs (for example, providing ibuprofen to a cat) and any scenario that results in reduced blood flow to the kidneys (for instance, anesthesia).


Microbial infection of the kidney, called pyelonephritis, is sometimes seen in cats. In this condition, one or both kidneys end up being bigger and tender, and the cat usually develops a fever, high leukocyte count, and poor cravings. Elevated BUN and creatinine levels may happen if kidney function becomes damaged. Pyelonephritis usually requires hospitalization and treatment with intravenous fluids and prescription antibiotics.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones (nephroliths) are uncommon in felines and are normally of very little medical consequence. However, if a small stone leaves the kidney and becomes lodged in the ureter (television that links the kidney to the bladder), the blockage of urine circulation causes a pressure accumulation in the kidney that can result in functional disability and, if not eased, ultimate destruction of the kidney. Fortunately, this is an uncommon incident.

Feline contagious peritonitis

Feline transmittable peritonitis is a viral infection that might impact felines of all ages, although it has a predilection for young felines. There are 2 kinds of the infection: the "damp" form, where fluid accumulates in the abdominal area (and often the chest cavity) and the "dry" form, in which clusters of inflammatory cells penetrate numerous solid organs in the body. The liver and kidney are the preferred target organs for the FIP virus. When FIP impacts the kidneys, their function ultimately becomes impaired as the viral infection progresses.

At present, there is no treatment for FIP, and all felines with the disease eventually succumb to it. Treatment of FIP, nevertheless, is a very active area of research, and veterinarians are more optimistic than ever that an effective treatment will quickly be discovered.


Regretfully, cancer of the kidney is a well-documented health problem in cats. The cancer can be main, i.e. arising from the kidney itself. An example would be a renal cancer. In primary kidney cancer, usually only one kidney is impacted. Cancer can likewise spread out from other organs to the kidneys. The most common type of cancer occurring in feline kidneys is lymphoma, where both kidneys are infiltrated with cancerous lymphocytes. Renal cancers, being unilateral, might be open to surgical removal. Lymphoma of the kidneys, nevertheless, is usually bilateral and should be alleviated with chemotherapy.

All Fascinating Facts About Siamese Cat

The Siamese is perhaps the most commonly acknowledged pedigreed cat breed in the world. His
striking pointed coat, loud and raspy voice, and lordly way are cherished by countless cat owners who have actually fondly nicknamed Siamese cats "meezers.".

Devoted, smart, personalized, and, yes, vocal, Siamese have drawn in fans given that they were first presented to the West in the late 19th century and no doubt previously in their homeland of Siam-- modern-day Thailand. They stand apart for their wedge-shaped head, slim body, sapphirine eyes, and, obviously, the particular "points" on the coat: darker coloration on the face, ears, paws, and tail.

Over the years, Siamese have progressed into two various types: the slinky felines seen at cat shows and the chunkier version with a more rounded head, sometimes called the "Applehead" or "Old-Style Siamese." The International Cat Association registers Thai cats, described as "the native pointed cat of Thailand in as near its initial form as possible.".

Living with a Siamese cat.

- Siamese love to snuggle with their people or with other cats. They are specifically fond of felines like themselves-- other Siamese or colorpoint or Oriental shorthairs, for example-- however they can make pals with other cats as well as dogs. Expect them to rule with an iron paw.

- To a Siamese, everything is a toy. Put away anything you don't want him to play with. He's not above theft to obtain what he wants. And beware of what you may unintentionally teach him. "If something is done 2 days in a row, it becomes anticipated," stated type specialist Mary Ann Martin.

- Siamese play hard, then collapse for a cat nap.

- Siamese wish to be with their individuals all the time and might take umbrage at closed doors. Anticipate them to follow you into the restroom or anywhere else in your house you may go. "Siamese are just like pets and thrive on interest from their humans," stated breed professional Dee Johnson.

- A Siamese does finest when provided a lot of playtime, training, and interest. Do get a Siamese if you want a cat who will get along with other cats and pets and who is amenable to leash training. Know that even if you think you're buying the cat for a particular person in the family, he will choose his own favorite and it might not be the "giftee.".

History of Siamese Cat

- The Siamese came from Thailand (previously Siam), which is where he gets his name. Based upon illustrations in a book of poems, called Tamra Maew, pointed felines were understood in Siam as early as the 14th century.

- Westerners were introduced to the breed in the late 19th century. The American consul in Bangkok provided a Siamese-- the first in the United States-- to the spouse of President Rutherford B. Hayes in 1879. In Britain, where they were first presented in 1884, they were called the Royal Cat of Siam.

- The Cat Fanciers' Association started registering Siamese in 1906, making them among the earliest pedigreed cat breeds. Other cat associations that recognize the Siamese consist of American Cat Fanciers Association, Cat Fanciers Federation, and The International Cat Association.

- In 2014, the Siamese was the ninth most popular type signed up by the Cat Fanciers Association, from 43.

Things you ought to know.

- The Siamese is a moderate-size cat, normally weighing 6 to 12 pounds (males are bigger).

- Siamese are noted for their longevity. Offered excellent care and nutrition, a Siamese can live 15 to 20 years or more.

- The Siamese is a typically healthy type, however the cats can be prone to specific kinds of eye issues, consisting of progressive retinal atrophy and an inherited condition called amyloidosis (protein deposits in the liver).

Unique Facts.

- The jewels in the Siamese crown are the cat's slanted, deep-blue eyes, contrasting with the pale coat and dark points.

- Siamese kitties are born white. Their points develop progressively during their very first year, starting even before they're weaned. Other pointed breeds been available in a range of point colors and patterns, but the classic Siamese is limited to 4: seal point, chocolate point, lilac point, and blue point. Nevertheless, TICA also accepts bi-color and tortoiseshell (with or without white).

- Siamese have actually been popular film stars. Movies and television shows in which they've "me-wowed" audiences consist of Lady and the Tramp; Bell, Book and Candle; The Incredible Journey; Bewitched; That Darn Cat; and The Aristocats.

What is Lymphoma in Cats And How to Medicate it?

I just recently discovered that Instagram celebri-cat Mr. White the Coffee Cat (a.k.a. Coffee) has been detected with lymphoma. He's not the only cat I've known to have lymphoma: My sweet Dahlia passed away from atypical large-cell lymphoma, and a buddy of mine had an FIV-positive elder kitty who established lymphoma too.

Due to the fact that the word "cancer" can be frightening whether it applies to you or your cat who gets the diagnosis, I talked to Dr. Avenelle I. Turner, DVM, DACVIM, medical oncology, also known as Dr. Avey, the senior board certified veterinary medical oncologist and lead detective for scientific trials at Veterinary Cancer Group in Los Angeles. I wished to get the facts about lymphoma, its symptoms, treatment, and diagnosis.

The Facts About  Lymphoma

Lymphoma is the most typical type of cancer seen in cats. It develops from white blood cells called lymphocytes. It's thought about a "fluid tumor" due to the fact that it's a blood cell-derived disease, unlike strong growths that begin in the tissues of the body.

There are two kinds of lymphoma-- large-cell lymphoma and small-cell lymphoma. Large-cell lymphoma is thought about a top-quality illness that develops rapidly, usually within 4 to six weeks. Small-cell lymphoma is considered a low-grade disease, with signs that establish more gradually, perhaps over several months.

Risk aspects

The greatest threat factor for lymphoma is age. Felines who establish small-cell lymphoma tend to be age 10 or older, while cats who establish large-cell lymphoma tend to be 8 to 9 years of ages.

Another danger element is being positive for feline immunodeficiency virus or feline leukemia virus.

Because age is a primary risk element, there's no way to actively avoid lymphoma, but early detection will provide the very best opportunity at recovery and remission.

Early cautioning indications

Because lymphoma usually includes the gastrointestinal tract, the early signs of lymphoma are quite non-specific and include frequent throwing up and modifications in stool, usually diarrhea.

" A great deal of cat owners believe throwing up is normal, however if your cat is vomiting when a week or more, it's not normal," states Dr. Avey. "With low-grade lymphomas, I usually see a history of a minimum of six months of periodic vomiting."

Other signs consist of weight and appetite loss.

Treatment choices

" Probably the most typical treatment is steroids," states Dr. Avey. "It make them comfy for an amount of time-- a couple of weeks with high-grade growths and a couple of months with low-grade tumors."

Chemotherapy is utilized to deal with felines with lymphoma, frequently in mix with steroids. Radiation therapy is unusual, however it is occasionally utilized to alleviate location-specific tumors such as mediastinal (inside the chest wall behind the breast bone) or nasal lymphoma.

Some people worry about putting their cats through chemotherapy, particularly if they've known individuals who went through cancer treatment. But, states Dr. Avey, "the signs of lymphoma are much more dramatic than the side effects of the chemo."

Felines do not lose their hair, although their whiskers do get breakable and can break off. Their fur gets softer and they shed a bit more: It appears that the overcoat might fall out but the soft undercoat grows much better. Cats' appetite or food preferences may swap during the course of treatment, maybe because food tastes different than it did before chemotherapy. If your cat is undergoing chemo and he's not eating his periodic food, try different brands and tastes and ask your vet for an appetite-stimulating medication.


The prognosis for lymphoma is normally pretty good; a majority of felines are at least going to respond to treatment.

" In small-cell lymphoma, we strive more for resolution of symptoms than anything else," say Dr. Avey. "We cannot always call it a remission since there are long-term changes in the gut: The digestive lining gets thicker and lymph nodes might constantly be enlarged."

With large-cell lymphoma, about 25 percent of felines get a complete response to treatment while around 50 percent of cats get a partial remission. Sadly, about 25 percent of cats are simply not going to react to treatment.

" We know soon-- within the first couple of weeks-- whether or not a cat is responding to treatment," says Dr. Avey. "You have the tendency to understand the responder sooner than the non-responder."

When a cat with lymphoma does go into remission, the basic timeline is about nine to 12 months with digestive lymphoma, but remission of nasal and stomach lymphoma has the tendency to be more irreversible.

" You don't get those numbers unless you try," says Dr. Avey. "And during the time of remission, felines enjoy a good quality of life."

Some cats achieve much longer remissions: One of Dr. Avey's patients, Rambow, has actually been cancer-free for 7 years, and another remained in remission for nine years prior to he relapsed.

"I inform those stories however I don't assure to get remissions that long due to the fact that they aren't common, but they can take place," she says.

Lymphoma is a treatable cancer, particularly when it's detected early. Felines don't suffer the method human beings finish with chemotherapy, and your cat can achieve a good quality of life for the length of his remission, no matter for how long or short that is. We wish Coffee and his family the best as they go through this difficult time, and we sure hope he gets among those wonder remissions Dr. Avey discussed.

Main Causes Cats Get Fever and Malaise in Cats

I recently dealt with a cat who was feeling very badly. The four-year-old cat, a primarily indoor Siamese, had actually appeared fine at bedtime the night before. Her owner awoke to find that the cat was really sluggish and did not want to get out of bed or eat breakfast. She made it to a chair in the living-room, and she did not leave the chair for the rest of the day. The owner brought her to me at 3 p.m.

The first thing I saw about the cat was depression. In veterinary medication the word depressed means something different from its colloquial use for humans. In human beings, anxiety typically describes mental depression. In felines, we use the term to explain physical depression. The cat was sluggish.

As I assessed her further, I found that her gums were sticky. There was thick saliva in her mouth. Her eyes were sunken, and her skin was not as elastic as it ought to be. These are indications of dehydration. Her eyes were dull and glassy. Her coat was unkempt, and flea feces was present in her hair. Her heart and lungs sounded normal. There was no evidence of pain when I palpated her abdominal area, and her organs felt normal. However, there was one other significant finding. Her temperature was 105.3 degrees Fahrenheit.

The regular temperature in cats is 100.0 to 102.5 degrees. The cat had a considerable fever.

There is a name for the condition the cat was suffering, however it isn't really a diagnosis. In fact, the name itself indicates that no diagnosis had actually been reached. The cat had fever of unknown origin.

Lots of things can cause fever in felines. Bacterial infections are the most typical. Viral infections likewise are possible. Inflammatory conditions can set off fever. Exposure to particular contaminants might cause fever too. Discomfort can trigger fever. Cancer, unfortunately, also is a cause of the syndrome. Foreign objects lodged in the intestines may trigger the condition.

The cat was young, so cancer was not most likely. Cancer sometimes strikes four-year-old cats, however (mercifully) it isn't really common. The other causes were more likely.

2 aspects of the cat's physical examination and history stuck out to me. She was a mostly indoor cat, which meant that she periodically went outside. And she had fleas.

Cats who go outdoors are most likely than their strictly indoor equivalents to suffer from fever of unknown origin. Outside cats are more likely to be exposed to infectious diseases. Also, outdoor cats are a lot more likely to be exposed to a typical threat to cats: other felines.

Frequently, cats who go outside battle with other felines. I asked the owner about the cat's history. The owner ensured me that her pet did not search for battles. She attempted to prevent other cats. That did not make much distinction in my mind. Every neighborhood has difficult resident cats who prefer to combat. Even if the cat in question didn't select a battle, somebody else may have selected a battle with her.

When a cat is in a fight, she is likely to be bitten. There is an urban legend that holds that cats have "filthy mouths." There is a typical belief that felines have more germs in their mouths than other animals. In fact, that is not real. Nevertheless, felines' mouths contain a 1-2 punch of features that can lead to aggressive infection when they bite. Initially, they have long, sharp teeth that permeate deep into tissues. Second, their mouths have the tendency to contain a bacteria, Pasteurella multocida, that thrives in environments that lack oxygen. When a cat bites, the teeth act like syringes that inject germs deep into tissues but leave just an extremely small injury on the skin. The skin wound closes practically immediately, leaving the bacteria in their favored environment where there is no oxygen.

The fleas also were significant. Fleas carry a variety of transmittable diseases that can trigger fever and sicken felines. Some of them, such as afflict and feline infectious anemia, can be harmful.

There were other possible causes for the fever. Infections of the kidneys are not uncommon. Pneumonia can strike felines. Pancreatitis often causes the kinds of symptoms the cat was suffering. Swelling of internal organs or the nervous system may set off fever of unidentified origin.

Because of the capacity for major disease, I recommended that the cat be hospitalized for treatment and diagnostic screening. We began intravenous fluids and prescription antibiotics. Capstar, which eliminates fleas, was administered. Lastly, we began pain killers to alleviate the generalized pain and cramping that fever can cause.

Blood tests, urine tests, and X-rays were regular. This was a relief. Felines with fever of unknown origin, however without anemia or evidence of organ issues, normally respond to the treatment that had actually been begun for my client. The diagnosis was good.

Nonetheless, the scenario was rare for the rest of the afternoon. The cat's temperature level climbed up as high as 106.5 degrees. If it got much greater she would be at risk of organ damage, and anti-inflammatory medications would be necessary.

Luckily, 106.5 was the peak. The fever started to resolve, and dead fleas drizzled off of the cat's body. I enjoyed to see the dead fleas, due to the fact that truly the just good flea is a dead one.

Later on in the evening, we found something that led to a final diagnosis. The cat had scratches on her abdominal area suitable with a cat battle. The medical diagnosis was an infection from a cat battle. The scratches had not been visible during the initial exam. This is not unusual. Cat scratches typically take many hours and even days to become red and visible-- this is a process where the injuries "state themselves" over time.

I enjoy to report that the cat regained her appetite overnight, and the fever resolved by the morning. She went house on antibiotics and with directions to remain inside and to be checked in 6 weeks for the feline immunodeficiency virus, which is spread out through combating.

Any cat who develops serious lethargy must get immediate veterinary interest. But if you wish to avoid a weekend journey to the emergency vet for treatment of a cat fight infection, I recommend that you keep your cat inside.

Cats Parents Must Know : The Risk of Steroid Injection in Your Cats

A few weeks ago I saw a cat who was having trouble breathing.

Breathing problems are the most major and urgent condition that any veterinarian ever alleviates. It's all over after a couple of minutes without air. It was a busy night, however the cat jumped the line and right away became my top concern. For the record, if you are at an emergency situation medical facility with your family pet, you wish to be the one kept waiting. You never ever wish to be the one to jump the line.

In felines (as in all types), tension increases the need for oxygen. Felines who have difficulty breathing are at danger for a devastating cycle. They can't breathe well, so they end up being stressed out. The tension increases their need for oxygen, which in turn cannot be met because of the underlying breathing problem. That causes more stress, and more require for oxygen, and so on.

The cat in question was worried when she got to the workplace. She did not wish to be dealt with. She was gasping for air. She was on the edge. Any handling of her could press her over the edge. She received a tranquilizing injection and she was positioned in an oxygen treatment unit. As her stress level improved her breathing got better, but it was still far from typical.

Some customers whose pet dog had an ear infection really happily vacated a test room so that I could talk with the cat's owners. An assessment of medical and lifestyle histories frequently yields insight into felines with breathing difficulties. Outside felines may suffer trauma or infections in the chest that can lead to breathing difficulties. Cats with histories of heart murmurs may have heart disease that can result in congestive heart failure and breathing distress. Felines who have a history of coughing might have feline asthma, which can progress to extreme respiratory distress.

The cat in question lived exclusively inside your home. She had been entirely healthy, with no issues except for an occasional skin rash. In fact, she had actually been to the vet a few days previously because of a rash. She was discovered to be otherwise healthy at that time.

She went to the veterinarian and she began having trouble breathing a short time later. I started to develop a concept of what was wrong.

I asked the owners whether the cat had actually received any medications or injections at her previous veterinary check out. I was advised that she had actually received an antibiotic injection and had been sent home with a steroid cream.

Prescription antibiotics almost never ever lead to breathing problems. Steroids, on the other hand, can. The steroids in creams, however, generally aren't well enough absorbed to cause as serious of a crisis as this cat was suffering. I had a hunch. I asked whether, by any chance, the owners had a receipt from the visit two days previously.

Undoubtedly they did. Like numerous organized folks, they kept a file of veterinary information for their animal. Skillfully, they had actually brought the file with them. The invoice listed three products: Exam, Depo-Medrol injection, and hydrocortisone cream.

Deep-Medrol is not an antibiotic. It is a long-term steroid. And with this details I understood precisely what had actually happened.

Deep-Medrol is not a bodybuilding steroid. It is related to cortisone, and it battles swelling in the body. Many skin rashes involve a substantial element of swelling. Cats usually respond well to Depo-Medrol unless it is given consistently (which might activate diabetes). Nevertheless, one group of cats does not tolerate the medication well at all: cats with weak hearts.

As I discussed in a recent column, cats with heart problems typically have no noticeable symptoms or physical-exam irregularities till a crisis takes place. Depo-Medrol has the possible to precipitate such a crisis. It alters the manner in which the body stores, utilizes, and disperses water, and it can activate heart failure in a cat with a weak heart. Heart failure triggers fluid to build up in the lungs. Fluid in the lungs triggers respiratory distress.

I asked the professionals to administer a diuretic to the cat. Diuretics cause the body to excrete water through urine. This minimizes the heart's work and helps fluid clear from the lungs. The cat's breathing enhanced to the point that it was considered safe to take X-rays. The X-rays showed abnormal patches of white throughout the lungs. It was a pattern compatible with heart failure.

Over the next 24 hours the cat received a constant intravenous infusion of diuretics. Her breathing gradually improved. After 12 hours she no more required supplemental oxygen. After a day, she was able to go home with oral diuretics.

The occurrence served as a pointer to me. The steroid injection had actually not caused the cat's heart failure. She had a weak heart to begin, and the injection merely pushed her over the edge. However steroids are dangerous as well as advantageous. They are all at once the best and worst medicines ever invented. They ought to be used sensibly, and just with the complete understanding and authorization of the cat's owner.

All Fact and Reason Why Cats Groom Themselves

Adult felines invest about half their waking hours grooming themselves and their kitty pals, so it has to be quite darn vital to them. But did you know why felines groom-- other than to polish their gorgeous fur, obviously-- and what various kinds of grooming they do? Here are some basic realities. Initially we'll begin with the how.

Grooming execute # 1: The tongue

Cats' tongues are covered with tiny barbs called papillae. When a cat licks herself, she not only gets dust off her coat however she takes out any loose hairs too.

Grooming execute # 2: The front paws

Cats lick the insides of their front paws then rub them throughout their ears and face, places that are hard if not impossible to reach with the tongue

Grooming execute # 3: The teeth

Felines use their tiny front teeth to get rid of fleas and ticks, work mats from their fur, and eliminate plant material stuck deeper in their fur than their tongues can reach. They chew on their claws with their back teeth to get rid of worn claw husks and replace them with sharp, brand-new daggers.

Now, carrying on to the why, here are some of the reasons felines groom themselves.

Initially, the completely evident: tidiness

Not only do felines want to eliminate dust, plant product, and other grunge, but because they're predators along with prey they wish to get rid of all smells that make predators aware of them. That suggests cleaning any residue of food (whether it's kibble or a fresh-caught mouse) from their fur.

Skin and coat health

Grooming serves to move the natural oils secreted by the cat's skin into and equally around the fur, keeping it glossy and in good condition. Those oils likewise guard against dampness and excessive cold.


Kitties start grooming one another-- a behavior called allogrooming-- by the time they're 5 weeks old. Often this habits continues into their adult years, with bonded cats hanging around grooming the locations that are difficult to reach by themselves. My cats, Thomas and Bella, are champion allogroomers.


You've probably seen a cat start grooming herself after an awkward moment like falling off a counter. This is called a displacement habits, and it relieves the stress brought on by that momentary lapse of grace and grace. If a cat is significantly stressed, she could resort to overgrooming or "barbering" her fur in an attempt to feel better.

Cooling off

Although they have some gland in their paws, felines do not sweat like we do when it gets too hot. By dampening their fur with saliva, cats assist themselves to cool down when the weather is extra-warm.

Another thing to remember: A cat who stops grooming is a cat in trouble. She's either ill or severely depressed. If your cat isn't really grooming herself, it's time for a trip to the vet.
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